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List of Periodontal Related Diseases

Dental Caries

Erosion and decay of the tooth caused by the effects of bacteria in the mouth. [CancerWEB]

Dentition / Dentitis

The development and cutting of teeth; teething. [Webster].

Example from an 1885 Death Certificate from Pennsylvania:

Example from an 1886 death certificate from Illinois:

Falling away of the Gum



Inflammation of the gums, characterized by redness and swelling. [Heritage]

Gomphiasis A disease of the teeth, when they are loosened from the sockets, like nails drawn out of wood. [Hooper1843]

Ludwig's Angina

Ludwig's angina, otherwise known as angina ludovici, is a serious, potentially life-threatening cellulitis infection of the tissues of the floor of the mouth, usually occurring in adults with concomitant dental infections. It is named after the German physician, Wilhelm Frederick von Ludwig who first described this condition in 1836. Other names include "angina Maligna" and "Morbus Strangularis." [Wikipedia].

Example from a 1911 Death Certificate from Ohio:

Example from a 1928 death certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:


Inflammation of the teeth.

Periodontal Disease

A disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth. [syn: periodontitis]


A disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth [syn: periodontal disease].


Chronic periodontitis; purulent inflammation of the teeth sockets.

Pyorrhea Alveolaris

Pathology - A discharge of pus.

Riggs' disease. Dentistry - a chronic form of periodontitis occurring in various degrees of severity, characterized in its severe forms by the formation of pus in the pockets between the roots of the teeth and their surrounding tissues, and frequently accompanied by the loosening and subsequent loss of the teeth.

Example from a 1921 Death Certificate from Illinois:

Riggs' Disease

Chronic periodontitis; purulent inflammation of the teeth sockets.

Riggs' disease, also known as pyorrhea of a tooth socket or gingivitis expulsiva, is a purulent inflammation of the dental periosteum named after American dentist John M. Riggs (18101885). Riggs' disease produces the progressive necrosis of the alveoli and looseness of the teeth. The teeth may become very loose and fall out of the sockets. [Wikipedia].

Example from a 1919 Death Certificate from Georgia:

Shrinking of the Gum


Stridor Dentium

Teeth grinding. A symptom in certain cerebral diseases. Among the insane. [Tuke1892]


The entire process which results in the eruption of the teeth. Nineteenth-century medical reports stated that infants were more prone to disease at the time of teething. Symptoms were restlessness, fretfulness, convulsions, diarrhea, and painful and swollen gums. The latter could be relieved by lancing over the protruding tooth. Often teething was reported as a cause of death in infants. Perhaps they became susceptible to infections, especially if lancing was performed without antisepsis. Another explanation of teething as a cause of death is that infants were often weaned at the time of teething; perhaps they then died from drinking contaminated milk, leading to an infection, or from malnutrition if watered-down milk was given. [NGSQ1988].

Example from an 1884 death certificate from Illinois:

Example from an 1826 Death Certificate from Pennsylvania:

Example from an 1866 Death Certificate from West Virginia: "Cutting Teeth"

Example from an 1870 Mortality Schedule from Kentucky: "Effects of Teething"

Example from an 1890 Death Record from Michigan:

Trench Mouth

Trench mouth is a painful form of gingivitis (gum inflammation). The term "trench mouth" comes from World War I, when the disorder was common among soldiers. [MedlinePlus]


Recession of the gums.


Ulcerative inflammation of the gums. [Stedman 1918].

Vincent's Angina / Infection

Trench Mouth.

Example from a 1930 Death Certificate from Ohio: