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French/English Glossary of Causes of Death and other Archaic Medical Terms

French Term

English Translation

Abcès

Abscess

Accès

Convulsions. [Dunglison1868]. Paroxysm [Gordon1921]

Accouchement

Confinement, delivery, childbirth, labor.

Accouchement Difficile

Difficult Childbirth.

Example from a 1924 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Accouchement Pénible

Painful Childbirth.

Example from a 1928 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Suite d'accouchement Following childbirth.

Example from a 1926 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Aiguë

Acute

Amygdalite

Tonsillitis

Anasarque

Anasarca, general dropsy. [Gordon1921]

Anèmie

Anemia.

Example from a 1920 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Anèmie Langueur

Anemia with languor, lack of energy; or physical weakness.

Example from a 1925 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Aneurisme

Aneurysm

Angiite

Inflammation

Angine

Angina

Angine Couenneise

Diphtheria. [Gordon1921]

Angine de Poitrine

Angina pectoris, Angina

Angine Gangrèneuse ou Maligne

Diphtheria

Angine Striduleuse

Croup. [Gordon1921]

Anthracose Anthracosis, Miner's pneumoconiosis. [Webster]. Miner's phthisis due to deposits of coal in the lungs. [Gordon1921]

Aphthes

Thrush, aphthous stomatis. [Gordon1921]

Apoplexie Apoplexy, Apoplectic fit, Stroke
Arthrite Arthritis

Ascite

Ascites, dropsy.

Asthme

Asthma

Ataxie Locomotrice

Locomotor ataxia or tabes dorsalis.

Atrophie

Atrophy, wasting.

Attaque

Seizure, fit or attack.

Avortement

Abortion, miscarriage.

Bellon

Lead colic. [Gordon1921]

Blessure

Wound, injury. [Gordon1921]

Bleue Maladie

Cyanosis. [Gordon1921]

Bourbillon

Furunculus [Dunglison1855]

Bouquet De Malades

A French term for the peculiar odour alleged to arise from patients suffering from mental disease. [Tuke1892]

Bouton Chancreux

A small tumour of a cancerous nature, which makes its appearance on the countenance - most frequently on the upper lip - Noli me tangere. [Dunglison1839].

Bouton d’ Orient

Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

Bronchite Bronchitis
Bronzè Maladie Addison's disease. [Gordon1921]

Cachexie

Cachexia

Calculs

Calculi

Calenture

Fever

Cancer

Cancer

Cancer de l'estomac

Cancer of the stomach.

Example from a 1924 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Catarrhe

Catarrh

Catarrhe Gastrique

Gastritis

Catarrhe Guttaral

Tonsillitis

Ceinture

Shingles

Cèphalèe

Cephilitis, encephalitis. [Gordon1921]

Cèrèbrite

Cerebritis

Cécidie

Tumor

Charbon

Anthrax

Charbon Bactèridien

Anthrax

Chlorose

Chlorosis

Cholèra

Cholera.

Example from a 1921 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Choléra Asiatique Asiatic Cholera in France. [Cruveilhier on Cholera, 1833]

Cholèra Infantile

Cholera infantum

Chorèe

Chorea, St Vitus ' dance. [Gordon1921]

Cirrhose

Cirrhosis

Coeur

Heart

Colique

Colic

Congestion

Congestion

Congestion Cérébrale

Stroke

Consomption

Consumption.

Example from a 1921 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Consomption des Poumons

Pulmonary Consumption.

Example from a 1925 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Convulsionnaire

A name given, during the last century, to individuals who had, or affected to have, convulsions, produced by religious impulses. [Dunglison1855]

Convulsions des femmes enceintes et en couche

Eclampsia

Coqueluche

Whooping cough, Pertussis.

Example from a 1921 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Couche

Confinement

Coup

Stroke. [Gordon1921]

Coup de Feu

Gunshot wound. [Gordon1921]

Coup de Sang Bloodstroke. A term used to designate an instantaneous and universal congestion without any escape of blood from the vessels. [Thomas1875]. Apoplectic stroke. [Gordon1921].
Coup de Soleil A stroke of the sun; generally, any affection produced by a scorching sun. [Thomas1875].

Sunstroke. [Gordon1921].

Example from an 1861 Death Certificate from Delaware:

Coup de Vent A stroke of the wind; an affection caused by exposure to a keen wind, extremely cold, or with rain or sleet. [Thomas1875]
Couperose A term applied to the Acne rosacea (or carbuncled face); so named from the redness of the spots. [Thomas1875]

Courte Haleine

Asthma

Crachement

Spitting.

Crampe

Cramps

Croup

Croup.

Example from a 1921 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Cynancie

Cynanche