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French/English Glossary of Causes of Death and other Archaic Medical Terms

French Term

English Translation

Mal

Evil, disease, pain. [Gordon1921]

Mal des Allemends

Syphilis. [Gordon1921]

Mal Ansèrine

Pellagra

Mal des Ardents

One of the designations of a fatal epidemic disease, which prevailed extensively in the early and dark ages, as the sequel of war and famine. [Hoblyn1900].

Epidemic grangrenous disease of the Middle Ages. [Gordon1921]

Mal des Barbades

Elephantiasis. [Gordon1921]

Mal Caduc

Epilepsy. [Gordon1921]

Mal de Cerf

Tetanus

Mal des Chrètiens

Syphilis. [Gordon1921]

Mal Curial

Syphilis. [Gordon1921]

Mal Divin

Epilepsy. [Gordon1921]

Mal Espagnol

Syphilis. [Gordon1921]

Mal de Foie

Cachexia. [Gordon1921]

Mal de Gorge

Angina

Mal de Melada

Pellagra. [Gordon1921]

Mal de Mort

Leprosy. [Gordon1921]

Mal de Pott Pott's paraplegia, Tuberculous spondylitis
Mal de Rate Anthrax. [A System of Practical Medicine, Pepper, 1885].

Mal de la Rosa

Scarlantina. [Hoblyn1900].

Mal Saint Antoine

St. Anthony's fire

Mal de Saint Hubert

Rabies

Mal Saint-Main

Leprosy, scabies

Mal de Siam

Yellow fever. [Hoblyn1900]

Mal del Sole

Italian elephantiasis, from its being commonly attributed to the heat of the sun's rays. [Hoblyn1900].

Mal à Tète

Migraine

Maladie

Disease

Maladie de Coeur

Heart Disease.

Example from a 1922 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Maladie de Vènus

Syphilis

Maladie du Sommeil

African Trypanosomiasis

Malaria Malaria

Mèningite

Meningitis.

Example from a 1924 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Mèningite Cèrèbro-Spinale

Cerebro-spinal meningitis.

Example from a 1920 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Miliaire

Miliary fever

Millot

Miliary fever

Mort

Dead, Death

Mort Accidentel Accidental death.

Example from a 1925 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Mort de Chien (Dog's death). A name of the spasmodic cholera; it is said to be a corruption of mordezym, the Indian name of the disease; or of the Arabic mordekie, or "the death blow". Synonymous with "mors violenta." [Hoblyn1900].

Cholera; the French called it mort de chien. [A text-book of Medicine, 1901]

Mort né

Stillborn

Morte en Couches

Died in childbirth

Mort Subite

Sudden death.

Example from a 1928 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Mort-nè

Stillborn

Muguet

Aphthae, thrush

Naissance Prématuré

Premature Birth.

Example from a 1922 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Nèoplasme

Neoplasm

Nèphrite

Nephritis, Bright's disease, inflammation of the kidneys. [Gordon1921].

Example from a 1926 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Nèvralgie

Neuralgia

Nèvrodynie

Neuralgia

Nèvrose du Coeur

Angina pectoris

Nouure

Rachitis, rickets.

Noyé

Drowned

Oreillous Parotitis, the Mumps. [Stewart1898]

Ourles

Mumps

Pâles-Couleurs

Chlorosis

Paludisme Paludism, malarial intoxication. [Gordon1921]. Marsh fever. [webster].

Paralysie

Paralysis, Palsy.

Example from a 1922 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

pas de Médecin

No doctor.

Example from a 1923 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Passion Iliaque

Ileus

Pellagre

Pellagra, Italian leprosy. [Gordon1921].

Percer des Dents

Teething

Perte de Sang

Hemorrhage

Peste

Bubonic plague

Petit Mal A French term for the slighter form of epilepsy. [Thomas1875]
Petite Vérole A French name for Smallpox. [Thomas1875]

Phrènèsie

Phrenitis, frenzy, delirium. [Gordon1921]

Phthisie

Phthisis, consumption.

Phthisie Galopante

A form of phthisis characterized by its rapid course. [Gordon1921].

Phtisie des Mineurs Anthracosis, Miner's pneumoconiosis
Phtisis Melanotica Anthracosis, Miner's pneumoconiosis

Pièce

Hepatitis

Pièrres

Gravel

Pleurèsie

Pleurisy.

Example from a 1929 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Pneumoconiose Anthracosique Anthracosis, Miner's pneumoconiosis
Pneumomelanose Anthracosis, Miner's pneumoconiosis
Pneumonie Pneumonia.

Example from a 1923 Death Certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Poliomyélite Poliomyelitis